When did the European standard BS EN 16005 (Power operated pedestrian doorsets - Safety in use - Requirements and test methods) supersede British standard BS7036 parts 1-5 (Code of practice for Safety at powered doors for pedestrian use)
BS EN 16005 took effect from April 2013 and applies to new installations installed after that date. BS 7036 parts 1-5 continues to apply to existing installations fitted prior to April 2013.
What is BS EN 16005 (Power operated pedestrian doorsets - Safety in use - Requirements and test methods)
BS EN 16005 is the European standard which gives guidance on safety in use and test methods for Automatic pedestrian doorsets. It is the industry guidance document to help companies meet the requirements of the Machinery Directive and form part of the CE Marking process. The document gives practical advice on safety systems and best practice ways for ensuring automatic doors are installed with acceptable levels of safety for users.
Are there qualifications available to installation and service engineers to support their knowledge of installation and servicing of automatic doors.
The ADSA and CITB have collaborated and developed an NVQ scheme which covers the installation and servicing of automatic doors. The NVQ is administered through the ADSA who have their own in house assessing capabilities. This NVQ forms part of the process towards obtaining a Construction Skills card as part of the Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS), which is a requirement of the Major Contractor Group to working on their construction sites. Please refer to the Events and Training sector of the website.
Are BS EN 16005 and BS 7036 legally binding documents?
British and European Standards are not legally binding. They are seen as “best practice” and in many cases adopted by organisations as part of rules that must be followed. Automatic Doors are covered by the Machinery Directive which is a statutory directive to ensure the safety of employees and users. These safety standards (16005/7036) are always referred to as best practice in courts considering accidents and injuries from use of automatic doors.
For more information please see the technical bulletin ADSA Guidance on Safety and Legislation for Automatic Doors.
Is it law to service automatic doors?
Under the Machinery Directive automatic doors must be operated safely, safe for employees and safe for other users. The doors therefore need to be maintained in accordance with the guidance from the manufacturer. However the law does not specifically state that the doors need to be serviced but failing to maintain them so they are safe in use would lead to a court penalty if there was an injury.
What is the Machinery Directive?
The Directive is issued by the Health and Safety Executive and covers the safety of machinery at work.
Full details can be viewed at the HSE website: www.hse.gov.uk/work-equipment-machinery
Which test box should I be using?
ADSA recommend a field test box of 700 x 300 x 200mm with black and grey surfaces. Please see the technical bulletin in the members area, or download from the technical committee news item on the test box.
Can an automatic door be inspected by a non-professional person?
Providing the person has had instruction on what needs to be tested and observed , a non-professional can test an automatic door, ideally with a test box.
How can I purchase a copy of BS7036 – parts 0 – 5 or BS EN 16005
If you are a member of the ADSA we can supply you a copy at the discounted members rate or alternatively if you are a non member you can purchase directly from the BSI web shop.
What work does ADSA do on Technical Standards?
ADSA believes that its work on Technical Standards is paramount. ADSA has representative on Technical Standards committees including;
- MHE/031 Automatic Power Operated Pedestrian Doors
- B/538/01 Windows and Doors
- B/538/02 Doors
- B/538/15 Finger Traps
- MHE/031 UK Mirror Group
- B/559 Access to Buildings for Disabled People
As an engineer maintaining pre EN 16005 installations of automatic doors, can I still be accredited as competent in understanding of BS 7036?
Yes, there is an ADSA accreditation to demonstrate your competence in assessing safety of doors fitted prior to 10th April 2013.
ADSA BS 7036:1996 accreditation is available by taking a similar test to that used in the old Authorised Technician Card scheme. On successful completion a certificate of accreditation is issued, not an Authorised Technician Card.
Testing for ADSA BS 7036:1996 accreditation and the new ADSA EN 16005 Accreditation are held together for convenience, under the same conditions, at the same locations nationwide. Applicants wishing to take both will need to attend two sessions.
Application forms for the ADSA BS 7036:1996 accreditation test are available via ADSA website
The route for achieving the ADSA Authorised Technician standard is via the ADSA EN 16005 Accreditation Scheme, ADSA advise that all engineers should achieve this standard.
If our engineer finds a door unsafe what is the legal legislation for powering down a door for safety reasons?
This is more a case of best practice rather than a legal requirement and also protects the service company should litigation or enforcement occur. If a door is not safe to the point that it could seriously harm someone then the engineer should turn the door off and advise the customer to keep it turned off until the safety issues have been resolved. It would be prudent to have this instruction on the engineers signed worksheet as a record. The service company should then provide ASAP a written quotation to the customer of the works needed to make it safe so they have an option on how to proceed. The customer is relying on the service company to provide best practice advice as the expert.
How does the training levy and grant funding organised with the CITB benefit members of the automatic door industry?
If a member is involved in any type of training of their staff and have paid the training levy then they are entitled to claim significant monies back. Any Member, regardless of size can benefit from grants if and when they are available and not conditional of the member paying the training levy.
For further information regarding the training levy and grant please visit www.citb.co.uk.
For a door installed prior to April 2013, BS 7036 is effective, unless after April 2013 it has significant changes made to it, in which case EN 16005 applies. Please define significant changes?
When components or products are replaced during maintenance, repair or upgrading, it has to be ensured as a minimum, that the safety, reliability, functionality, classification and durability level of the doors is kept. In other words: keep the performance and don’t add hazards or increase risks.
Use of original components is preferred, but if non original or ‘look alike’ components are used which may affect the declared characteristics, or safety level, the evaluation of conformity shall be reviewed for applicability by a qualified service provider.
The Service provider is obliged to offer the customer the state-of-the-art safety level, i.e. to latest standard.
If the kit only exchanges components with the same characteristics (=repair)
- No declaration is accompanied the kit
- The installer performs a risk assessment
- No declaration is signed by the installer
- No new CE mark is affixed
No functionalities are changed. The safety level has to be at least kept at present level. The safety level may never be reduced.
If the kit makes the doorset a new machine
- The kit will be issued with a Declaration of Incorporation, DoI
- The installer performs a risk assessment
- The installer signs a Declaration of Conformity, DoC
- The installer CE-marks the machine
This is the case where the functionality for the user is changed in products. Sensors are replaced and the machine is brought up to compliance with the state-of-the art, i.e. EN 16005.
I have an existing BS 7036:1996 authorised technician card Reg No : 1229 which expired on 28/04/2014 can I get a replacement for another five years or do I need to sit the test again?
BS 7036 has now been replaced by BS EN 16005 (effective 10/4/13). All card holders are having to sit the new test that covers the new standard when their existing card expires.
Full details of the availability of tests and the venues can be viewed on the Exams & Events page. Details on training for the test and how to obtain a copy of the Standard at a members discounted price are also available via the website. If you require further help please telephone the office : 01827 305354.
As a company we use a number of automatic door engineers not employed by us. Are we covered to use them provided they undertake the BS EN 16005 training?
In the circumstance where engineers conduct work for you but are not part of your company will need to sign up as Sole Traders at the cost of £150.00 per year.
If you would like to to undertake any of the ADSA training courses then please ring the ADSA offices on 01827 305354.
Engineers are now being advised that shoot bolts fitted to pocket doors should all now be lockable on new installations, is this correct?
This is correct and is covered by clause 4.6.9 page 22 of BS EN 16005.
What is BS 7036-0 Power operated pedestrian doorsets- safety in use: Code of Practice for risk assessment and risk reduction ?
BS7036-0 is a British Standard, which was developed by members of the Automatic Doors Suppliers Associations technical committee in conjunction with the British Standards Institute.
It gives recommendations for risk assessment and risk reduction for power operated pedestrian doorsets conforming to BS EN 16005 with a view to safeguarding users against the risk of injury and accidents. It gives guidance on the process of undertaking hazard analysis and risk assessments, and provides technical advice.
It is intended to be used by suppliers, installers, specifiers, occupiers, property owners and duty holders. It is also intended to be used by designers of the application into which the doorset is to be installed.
The industry now has a clear guidance document which will be very useful for member companies, salespeople, estimators and surveyors.
If a tenant asked us to install a electric door operator to their home, would the engineer need to have en16005? If the council asked us to install a electric door operator to a disabled tenants home, would the engineer need to have en16005?
ADSA would always recommend that anyone involved in the supply & installation of door automation products has a good knowledge of the regulations and relevant standards including BS EN 16005 & other related standards. The best way of both proving & acquiring the required knowledge is by studying the relevant standards & taking the exam offered by the ADSA.
ADSA do offer a 2 day training course & exam to members details of which can be seen on this website.
As far as the installation being in a domestic premises it would still fall under BS EN 16005 & related legislation, even though it would be someone’s home for anyone working there such as carers or tradesmen it would be their place of work.
I would as always recommend a full “risk assessment” is carried out before any installation in line with the guidelines of BS EN16005 & BS 7036-0 2014.
I have a monitored sensor to fit to a door that has no test function ( fitted prior to April 2013 ). I can run the sensor without the test function. The functionality will remain the same as the original sensor that was damaged and is no longer available.
The door would fall under BS 7036 1996 there for there is no requirement for a Class C device under EN ISO 13849 ( the need for monitoring safety related parts of the control system).
Leaving the monitoring disconnected on the replacement sensors would not downgrade the safety of the unit merely maintain the existing level.
If low energy doors are fitted externally, do they comply to BS 7036 or BS EN 16005?
BS7036 does not say they cannot be used on external doors, it states in the foreword that they are generally intended for internal use, which does not exclude external and this wording is just a general comment. The industry has moved on considerably with low energy products and BS EN 16005 embraces the concept of using low energy door movement as a safety solution. There are many instances of low energy swing drives being used at external entrances.
As usual it’s all in the risk assessment but in short no problem from a standards perspective to use low energy on external doors.
What are the ADSA guidelines when an engineer has risked assessed a door and it does not meet the required standard or when it is dangerous in use?
The door does not meet the current standard but meets earlier standards, but the risk assessment requires the door it to be updated. Inform the customer of what is required to bring the door up to the latest standard. Record the findings on the engineer’s worksheet and follow up with a quote.
- The door has a safety issue that in some way causes an unacceptable risk to people using the door. The door is turned to the hold open position and the customer advised of what is required and told to leave the door in the open position until the improvements have been made and any unacceptable risks eliminated. Ensure the customer is instructed on how to close and lock the door, emphasising the door to be left in the hold open position when used by the general public. Record the findings on the engineer’s worksheet and follow up with a quote.
In the event of battery failure on a sliding door the system should automatically send the door to the predetermined safe position (most commonly the open position). The self-diagnosis/monitoring within the system should stop the door from functioning. For all types of door systems where the sensors do not cover the risk areas and there are no overriding site specific conditions allowing this (from the risk assessment) the door should be taken out of service and reported to the end user outlining the risk and proposed remedial actions. Record the findings on the engineer’s worksheet and follow up with a quote.
What are the signage size and positional height for automatic doors and what happens when the sign impedes the attractiveness of an automatic door?
Unfortunately, “safety in use” takes precedence over all else including advertising. Powered pedestrian doors are classified as machines and therefore must adhere to the Supply of Machinery Act 2008 and the Machineries Directive.
As part of the risk assessment and where powered pedestrian doors are used by the general public, warning signage is recommended along with safety sensors and other protective devices and guards. The inclusion of warning signage is to make users aware that potential risks are present and to help reduce the number of accidents associated with powered pedestrian doors. ADSA represents the majority of the automatic door industry and as part of its best practice ethos, ADSA recommends that the signage as denoted within BS7036:1996 is applied. For your reference, in the UK, the particular signage recommended for powered pedestrian doors came about as a result of consultation with organisations representing the partially sighted and by following the content within the Supply of Machinery Act. The signage has been designed to make users (particularly partially sighted persons) aware that the doors are automatic and where keep clear signage is applied, to keep clear of the area where the automatic door operates.
Extract from Supply of Machinery Act 2008 (please note that full document is available free online and should be read in its entirety)
1.7.1. Information and warnings on the machinery
Information and warnings on the machinery should preferably be provided in the form of readily understandable symbols or pictograms. Any written or verbal information and warnings must be expressed in an official Community language or languages, which may be determined in accordance with the Treaty or the EEA Agreement by the EEA state in which the machinery is placed on the market and/or put into service and may be accompanied, on request, by versions in any other official Community language or languages understood by the operators.
In conclusion, if the end user decides to remove the signage, they must be made aware of the residual risks and acknowledge that they understand the possible implications. Irrespective of the end user’s acknowledgement, I should also point out that the responsible person or persons bringing the machine (in this case, the automatic door) into service has the responsibility to ensure that the system meets the requirements of the relevant standards (BS EN 16005:2012, BS 7036-0:2014 and where applicable BS 7036:1996) and complies with the requirements of the Supply of Machinery Act. Where a reportable injury occurs with a powered pedestrian door, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) will be involved. HSE will refer the Standards and Act mentioned above and determine if due diligence has been carried out and may call upon an expert to verify whether the system complies.
A door has Georgian wired glazing and my contractor is telling me this should be changed to plain glass. The reason for the existing glazing is due to the possible damage to the glass with wheel chairs. Can you advise please.
Answer using BS EN 16005
There shall be no sharp edges and glazing shall not form sharp splinters if broken.
Toughened glass in accordance with EN 12150-1 and laminated glass in accordance with EN ISO 12543-1 and EN ISO 12543-2 are examples of suitable glazing materials. Plain float glass (silica-based glass) and wired glass are not suitable for this application due to the risk of serious injury upon breaking.
There is also a risk assessment and reduction standard BS 7036-0:2014, this also states:
7.1 Glazing in power operated door installations should conform to the appropriate part of BS 6262 using safety materials conforming to BS 6206.
7.2 Glazing should be appropriately marked, or incorporate features to make its presence apparent.
NOTE Guidance is given in HSE publication L24 .